If we study the past trends over the years in the field of electric mobility in India it has been changing at a continuous pace every day. For increasing the mobility through EV’s, the government of India in the year 2006 had introduced a policy named as Integrated Energy Policy. This policy suggested that for India to move towards mobility it needs a promotion of Electric vehicles and hybrid vehicles and also steps should be undertaken to make such batteries which are light weighted and are of high density in proportion.
Furthermore, to complement this Niti Aayog along with Rocky mountain institute drafted policy as India’s Energy Storage Mission in the year 2017 which focused that India should be mainstreaming emerging energy technologies. Also the government introduced a National Electric Mobility Mission Plan (NEMMP) for the year 2020. This was launched with an aim of approaching towards a greater demand of Electric Vehicles in the coming years. For this the plan had laid down certain principles:
- Creating an adequate environment so that the consumer accepts EVs.
- Developing a well planned infrastructure in order to give assistance to the ownership and also for the proper use of EVs.
- Building up a local production capacity.
- Development/ acquisition of EV/ battery technology.
In addition to this the government also introduced Faster Adoption & Manufacturing of Electric Vehicles (FAME I and FAME II) scheme which aimed at encouraging the adoption of Electric vehicles in January 2018. Department of Heavy Industry (DHI) had approved pilot projects for about 390 electric buses, 370 electric taxis, 720 electric autos and also allocated a budget of nearly 40 crore for setting up charging infrastructure across 11 cities all over India.
In addition to this Ministry of Power also issued certain guidelines for building up charging infrastructure stations across India which comprised both of public and private charging stations. It also proposed of setting up charging stations in around 11 national highways on both sides.
To complement this government of India also introduced Automotive Mission Plan for the year 2026 whose prime focus was given for the proper implementation of emission standards all over India. This scheme was introduced to give a hand in the government’s ‘Make In India’.
Thus, to conclude with these schemes and plans India is trying to move forward with the electric mobility pace in the country and it is trying to achieve this by the year 2030.